Eastern Uganda Performs Poorly . 28 July, 2016.”The Equal Opportunities Commission Uganda 2015/16, Chairperson Sylvia Muwebwa Ntambi noted that, the quality of education and books were a big challenge and 73% of the poor performing districts are from eastern Uganda and 06 from Busoga. Kaliro, Iganga, Luuka, Bugiri, Mayuge and Buyende were in the spot light. The reasons included poor school inspection, lack of head teacher commitment, higher textbook pupil ratio, poor relationship between school and community, parents’ refusal to take up their roles in educating the child.
http://www.newvision.co.ug. “Busoga is worst performing region in education” 14 April, 2014 with Luuka and Namayingo registering the worst P.L.E results in Uganda for the last three consecutive years. “24% of the girls get pregnant before they reach 18 years, 77% in primary and 82% in secondary schools experience sexual violence. 5.9% are deﬁled. 24% of the cases are by teachers.
http://www.observer.ug.“Pupils ﬂee school as jigger stigma rises in Busoga” 6 December 2010. Iganga district schools such as Canon Ibula, Ibulanku, Buubu, Bulamagi, Kawete, Namungalwe were aﬀected. Balunywa Foundation and David Muduuli had to come in to save the situation.
http://www.allafrica.com. 14 October, 2013. Uganda: Busoga region worst NAADS performer.
http://www.parliament.go.ug/index.php/about-parliament/parliamentary-news/864-speaker-launches-drive-to-promote-education-in-busoga on Tuesday 19 July 2016.
7 http://www.unicef.org/ugand. “Out_ of school children_ study_ report ﬁnal report 2014. Pdf.
https://business-humanrights.org. 5 October, 2010. “Ugandan poor education blamed on child labour in Busoga.”
Uganda radionetwork.com. 10 February 2015. “Billions lost as deadly striga weed ravages grain plants in Busoga.” According to the Iganga district Production Oﬃcer Dr Joseph Dhikusooka, the villages of Bumoozi, Butyabule, Buyanga, Lubira, Namalemba lost over 3.5billion in 2014 alone. In circumstances such as these, people have lost life or given up farming completely thus aﬀecting their families drastically.
http://www.newvision.co.ug. 28 July, 2014. “Busoga parents warned against child marriages”. World vision International in Mayuge noted that 20% of maternal deaths (like Isegya in the play Omugole) die because child mothers like Byaidho and Namaadhi are being married oﬀ too early in life (stories from Buwunga)
Malik, Khalid. “Human development report 2013. The rise of the South: Human progress in a diverse world.” The Rise of the South: Human Progress in a Diverse World (March 15, 2013). UNDP-HDRO Human Development Reports (2013).
http://www.childrensrights.org. 20 November 1989. “Children’s rights are human rights of children with particular attention to the rights of special protection and care aﬀorded to minors. The convention of the rights of children (CRC) of 1989 deﬁned a child as any human person who has not reached the age of eighteen years.”
http://www.anppcanug.org. October-November ANPPCAN Newsletter 2014.
http://www.newvision.co.ug. 8 September 2014. “Carry the cross of ten albino children” celebrating the International day of Albinism in Kagulu in Buyende district
UNICEF, http://www.unicef.org/csr. August 2014. “Children are everyone’s business. Deliberate eﬀorts must be made to integrate children’s policies in business policies. Respect and support of children’s rights in the workplace, market place, and community is the main pre-occupation of the play, Omugole, as the children initiated into adulthood fault the community for not adequately preparing them for adulthood. The children’s rebellion against their elders is as a result of this failed responsibility.
http://www.newvision.co.ug. Monday August 15, 2016:79. “Kadaga pushes for ﬁnancial inclusion” saying that, “informing citizens is a cornerstone of democracy and economy.” Kadaga praised Bank of Uganda for enriching public policy debates noting that this should be complemented with giving more ideas on how best to run the economy.
http://www.weinformers.com. 15 Jan 2015. “PLE results 2015 released. Busoga pupils performed poorly. “Out of the top ten worst performing districts ranked by UNEB, Busoga has ﬁve districts while three are in Bugisu and two in Sebei.” Those trailing were in Bugiri, Iganga, Luuka, Buyende, kween, Bulambuli, Kapcworwa, Manafwa, Bukwo and Mayuge while cheating was observed in Mayuge, Jinja, Iganga, Kaliro, Mbale, Kibuku, Budaka, and Sironko among others.
http://www.newvision.co.ug. Tuesday, August 16 2016:5. “Is Busoga the region with highest incidence of twins?” notes that, The Uganda Demographic Health Survey 2011 put fertility rate in Eastern Uganda at 7.9 and Kampala at 5.0. The Makerere University -Iganga -Mayuge Health care Demographic Surveillance site reported in 2014 that while Mulago Hospital had 19.9% multiple births, Busoga alone had 3% between 2004 and 2014. It is oﬅen the case that high fertility incidences also record high incidences of multiple births and the twin dance ceremonies (naming and cleansing) that come along.
http://www.manampim.com. “The ﬁve major African Initiation Rites” Professor Manu Ampim notes, are ‘birth, adulthood, marriage, eldership and ancestor ship” are integrated in most African communities. The pla Omugole has all these stages and they are supposed “to prevent the inherent conﬂicts between various age groups or the systematic ill treatment of women, children, or elders.” Unfortunately, young people aged 12 – 18, who are in the prime of their life; lack the fundamental guidance the need to transform into adults. Their initiation into the ‘Clan of Abeelupe’ in the play Omugole, only recognizes that they are no longer children without stipulating their new roles and responsibilities as adults. This raises confusion, uncertainty, taboos, moral questions, sexual irresponsibility, and clariﬁcation of their mission in life. At marriage, it clear that even Mbulansonga, the one preparing Namaadhi for marriage was herself not tutored into that role. The joining of the two families, the missions of the two individuals and child birth are issues not well handled. Similarly, eldership that preserves the vanguard of knowledge, wisdom and experience is undermined. The status, purpose, respect, model of the elder who passes to the spirit world to become an ancestor but without these qualities is dishonorable and irrelevant under the circumstances. The expectation is that our honorable members are to be remembered for their good deeds and not simply because they once lived and
died. This point is emphasized by Mughakanhi, in the play, Omugole.